Bipolar disorder or manic-depressive illness is a serious brain disorder that results in strange shifts in mood, activity levels, energy and ability to perform daily tasks. The illness can have severe symptoms which are different from the routine ups and downs we face every day.
Many of the symptoms result in poor school and job performance, damaged relationships, and even suicide. However, the disorder is treatable and people suffering from this illness can restart a healthy and productive life.
The illness that usually co-exists with bipolar disorder is substance abuse. The reasons for this particular link are still unclear. Patients often attempt to treat their illness with drugs and alcohol.
The effects of this illness on a patient’s life can range from major disruption to minor disturbances. The severity of symptoms depends if the patient receives a precise diagnosis including recognition of co-occurring disorders.
Some of the effects of bipolar disorder include:
The length of the depressive and manic episodes may also take a toll on the patient’s friends, family, and co-workers.
Medication is the essential part of the overall treatment plan. They may not cure you completely but help you maintain a balanced mood so that you perform the daily activities and live a healthy life. Different types of medicines are used to treat bipolar disorder. Indeed, the best medicine is the one that suits you.
Some of the commonly used medicines include Divalproex sodium, lithium, Valproic acid, Carbamazepine etc. Also, drugs known as antipsychotic medicines including Loxapine, Haloperidol or Risperidone are also popular for treating bipolar disorder.