The mental illness can affect anyone, belonging to different age groups, and commonly starts in childhood.
The cause of OCD is yet to be known. However, according to some evidence, the illness usually runs in families.
The illness can instantly become all consuming as well as physically disabling. The sufferers usually have a poor quality of life as the condition rules the day. Also, the signs of OCD are quite troubling for family and friends.
As the sufferer tries to stop the unreasonable obsessions, the efforts only increase the anxiety and distress of the person.
The most commonly used medication is the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor – SSRI. One example of this is Fluoxetine (brand name Prozac). This medication helps to reduce compulsions and intrusive thoughts in addition to related depression.
If the sufferer doesn’t respond to an SSRI, the physician may revert to clomipramine. Oftentimes, clomipramine and SSRI are combined in treatment. Moreover, atypical antipsychotics have also proven to be effective but in low doses. Generally, medication helps the patient to get into a suitable mindset to help in conjunction with ERP (Exposure Response Prevention) therapy.