Asperger’s Syndrome

Asperger’s Syndrome

Asperger’s Syndrome, viewed as a separate condition before, is now part of the autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This change occurred in 2013 when the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) changed its classification.

Medical professionals classify this condition as a high-functioning type of ASD. The symptoms of Asperger’s are less severe than other conditions of ASD. DSM-5 also includes a new condition known as a social pragmatic communication disorder.

Few symptoms of pragmatic communication disorder overlap with the symptoms of Asperger’s. Medical professionals diagnose a person with Asperger’s if they have problems with writing and talking but have average intelligence.

What Does Asperger’s Syndrome Involve?

Asperger’s Syndrome involves:

  • The trouble with social interactions
  • Limited interests
  • Distinctive strengths
  • Wish for sameness


What Are the Strengths of Asperger’s Syndrome?

The strengths of Asperger’s Syndrome include the following:

  • Extraordinary persistence and focus
  • Attention to detail
  • Skill for distinguishing patterns


What Are the Challenges of Asperger’s Syndrome?

The challenges of Asperger’s Syndrome include:

  • Hypersensitivity to sounds, tastes, lights, and more
  • The trouble with communicating and understanding a conversation
  • The trouble with nonverbal communication skills, such as distance, tone, loudness, and more
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Uncoordinated movements or clumsiness


What Are the Symptoms of Asperger’s Syndrome?

The following are the symptoms of Asperger’s Syndrome:

  • Unable to make friends or maintain friendships
  • Isolation or minimal interaction with people in social gatherings
  • Unable to make eye contact or tend to stare at others
  • Unable to interpret gestures
  • Unable to recognize irony, sarcasm, and humor
  • Unable to express empathy and communicate and control emotions
  • Lack of common sense
  • Fascination with specific subjects
  • Interpret information as literal
  • Prefer to follow a strict routine
  • Tend to engage in one-sided conversations about themselves


How Do Doctors Diagnose Asperger’s Syndrome?

Medical professionals diagnose Asperger’s Syndrome by performing a multi-disciplinary diagnostic team, which includes a speech and language therapist, psychiatrist, pediatrician, and psychologist. Since Asperger’s Syndrome varies from person to person, it is difficult to reach a diagnosis. Therefore, medical professionals tend to diagnose children with Asperger’s Syndrome later, with some diagnosed with it as adults.


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